The Zulu people live in South Africa which is located in the southern hemisphere. The average
temperature there ranges from 16 to 25º C in winter and during the
summer months temperatures range from 23 to 33º C (between September and April). January
is generally Durban’s hottest month, with an average daily temperature of +/- 32ºC. ("South Africa Travels") According to SA Places the average rainfall is 633mm. ("SA Places")
AA cultural adaptation of the Zulu people would have to be there clothing or lack thereof. Greater skin exposure allows sweat to evaporate. Also allowing the Zulu to live in an arid climate while maintaining homeostasis.
As for a Race I would have to say they are African (South African to be more accurate).
I would have to say the adaptive form of describing the Zulu is definitively more accurate. While the Zulu make up a good portion of the African population there are other cultures that differ from the Zulu.
. "KWaZulu Natal Weather and Climate." South Africa Travels. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr 2012. <http://www.sa-venues.com/weather/kwazulunatal.htm>.
. "South Africa Climate: Monthly Temp & Rainfall Chart ." SA Places. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr 2012. <http://www.places.co.za/html/temperaturegr.html>.
The Andes mountains are located in Chile. The average of temperature of northern Chile is 64°F, and the southern area has an average temperature of 71°F. In the summer it usually averages 68°F. In the winter months the the temperature averages to about 52°F.
The rain fall in the summer averages less than 8 in. In the winter it averages less than 4 in. These numbers are from variou biomes in and around the Andes Mountains.(Christian)
An obvious environmental stressor if you are familiar with the Andes mountains is the elevation.
The Andean Indians also adapted to their high elevation culturally. With their severe winters they had learned to store foods in giant warehouses that lined the Inca highways.
Again I would have to say that the adaptational route of describing a population is more accurate. Although physically the Andean Indians resemble many other populations of the America's they have adapted to a severe environment that others would find uninhabitable.
Christian, C.. "Climate of the Andes." Andes Mountain Range. N.p., 2002. Web. 18 Apr 2012.
"Andean peoples." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 18 Apr. 2012.
Price, Weston. "Nutrition and Physical Degeneration.". New York London: Medical Book Department of Harper & Brothers, 1939. Print.